This is a glossary of technical terms used in the fitness world to provide a brief explanation of meaning words and expressions used in articles of this site.
The definition of overweight is currently used BMI (Body Mass Index). This index is the ratio of body weight in kilograms and body surface area in square meters.
BMI = (weight in kg) / (body surface area in square meters)
The calorie is a pre-SI metric unit of energy. In most fields its use is archaic, having been replaced by the SI unit of energy, the joule. In many countries it remains in common use as a unit of food energy.
1 cal = 4,1868 J; 1 J = 0,2388 cal
- Cool Down
Cooling down, also called warming down, it is the term used to describe an easy exercise that will allow the body to gradual transition from an exertional state to a resting or near-resting state.Cooling down helps remove lactic acid which can cause cramps and stiffness and allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate.
- Thoracic Band
Methods of heart rate detecting using a special belt with a touch sensor placed on the skin at chest height. The measured value is transmitted on the form of radio signal to the ergometer console. For a greater accuracy we recommend to wet with water the plate which touch skin. NB: Only by using a coded radio sensor values are obtained entire representing measuring range.
- Aerobic Interval
The phase of training in which muscle work is met by the contribution of natural oxygen.
One joule is defined as the amount of work done by a force of one newton moving an object through a distance of one metre. 1 cal = 4,1868 J; 1 J = 0,2388 cal
- KJoule calcolati
The kilojoule (kJ) is equal to one thousand joules. Food labels in some countries express food energy in kilojoules. To calculate the Kjoule we need:
- KJoule (real)
The real power consumption is generally much higher than the theoretical. According to data of "age", "sex", "height" and "weight" you can try to calculate the best approximation of the actual consumption.
- KJoule (theoretics)
Identify the mechanical work developed ergometer.
Load (Watts) x time (s) = work (joules)
100 Watt x 60 s = 6000 Joule = 6 KJoule
Rounds Per Minute (Number of revolutions per minute or rate of pedaling)
- Anaerobic Threshold
An intensity work that involves the production of lactic acid more or less time (depending on the intensity of work) brings the subject to the interruption of the exercise.
- Test Conconi
The Conconi Test is a test sports medicine intended to measure an individual's maximum anaerobic and aerobic threshold heart rates.The test measures a person's heart rates at different loads (e.g. faster speeds on a treadmill).
- Test PWC
Power Work Capacity identifies a workout in which you reach the maximum load (submaximal test). Provides the load in watts per kilogram of body weight which are reached certain values of heart rate (eg PWC - 130, PWC - 150, PWC - 170, are watts per kg weight of which are respectively achieved values FC130, 150 and 170 beats per minute.
- Heart rate variability
It is the normal temporal variation of heart rhythm. The extent of this physiological characteristic analysis can provide important information on person's health. For more information please contact your doctor.
World Health Organization